Resilience and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) are recognised as increasingly important in WASH contexts that face risk of recurrent or chronic emergencies.
Due to the increasing frequency and impact of disasters, WASH programmes need to consider how DRR can be integrated into interventions. Examples of integration of DRR are given in the ‘Learning Companion on DRR and WASH’ . At a minimum, WASH staff should:
- Contribute to the development of preparedness plans in anticipation of disasters, including contingency plans and stocks.
- When appropriate, include key DRR questions into assessments and think beyond the present situation when undertaking WASH assessments or monitoring:
- Identify the hazards and vulnerabilities that may impact on critical WASH Services and use existing community hazard, risk assessments and preparedness plans e.g. is there evidence that natural hazards are increasing?
- What impact might this have on communities and are there opportunities for empowering affected communities to understand the disaster risks (including climate change patterns), identify solutions, and negotiate the means to implement these?
- Reduce the potential impact of hazard events on WASH services (through preparedness and mitigation)
- Where possible ensure WASH systems are better able to withstand future disasters
- Ensure that emergency WASH services “do no harm”