WASH Programmes should be based on a needs assessment that identifies the specific needs, vulnerabilities and capacities of distinct socio-economic, gender, ethnic and age groups within a community.


Oxfam Technical Brief 1: Excreta Disposal Physically Vulnerable People Emergenices

Oxfam Technical Brief 2: Vulnerability and socio-cultural considerations for PHE in emergencies

WEDC: Water and Sanitation for disabled people and other vulnerable groups

HelpAge: Older people in disasters and humanitarian crises

Minimum Requirements

Groups at risk in emergencies include the elderly, disabled people and people living with HIV and Aids (PLWHA). In certain contexts, people may also become vulnerable by reason of ethnic/tribal origin, religious or political affiliation, or displacement. WASH programmes should take steps to ensure the participation of vulnerable groups: