This section describes how Oxfam WASH programmes should be planned, implemented and monitored in co-ordination with other Oxfam affiliates, NGOs, UN agencies and national authorities.

WASH Cluster

Oxfam is committed to supporting co-ordination mechanisms in emergencies, through the WASH Cluster (where this is established), to help minimise duplication of effort and demands on communities, maximise coverage and ensure a consistent, high quality approach.

Where we have a substantial programme, senior Oxfam WASH staff should participate in cluster meetings regularly. As a leading actor in WASH Oxfam also has a role in supporting others in the sector with technical assistance, training and resources. As a point of priority, we should share our assessments, implementation information and plans with others and refer unmet needs. Oxfam staff participating in Cluster responses should, actively promote IASC and Oxfam best practice and principles (including the use of Sphere standards), and advocate that other WASH actors adopt these.

WASH programmes should:

Oxfam role in WASH Cluster Leadership

In humanitarian emergencies the lead for WASH co-ordination is Unicef working closely with local authorities.

Co-ordination with Government

The responsibility for humanitarian response ultimately rests with the government of the affected country. Oxfam is committed to complementing, supporting and developing state capacity for leadership, coordination and response to humanitarian crises and should not act as a substitute for government.

The extent of co-ordination that is possible with government authorities on specific WASH issues will depend on the political and humanitarian context, however WASH staff (in collaboration with Oxfam Country Management) should: