Monitoring, Evaluation and Learning


Monitoring is the systematic and continuous process of collecting and using information throughout the programme cycle for the purpose of management and decision-making. WASH programmes should include:

  • Process monitoring that looks at how the project is being developed.
  • Impact monitoring that looks at whether the project is having the intended impact.


Calculating Programme Reach in Oxfam - Guidance Note

WASH Post Distribution Monitoring Guidance Note and Questionnaire

Minimum Requirements

WASH teams (PHE and PHP) should work together in Monitoring and Evaluation activities. A joint M&E monitoring plan should detail:

  • Who is responsible for different parts of the monitoring process,
  • The tools and techniques to be used (quantitative and qualitative), including monitoring forms.
  • How affected communities can be involved in monitoring activities.
  • What methods will be used for analysis of the monitoring data,
  • How data will be used (fed back into programme activities, shared with partners/donors/beneficiaries etc.).
  • How changes in needs, capacities and context will be monitored and feed back into the programme
  • A timeframe for different monitoring activities.

WASH programmes should plan and budget for a WASH Learning Review towards the end of the programme, involving programme and support staff, which considers what the programme did well, what could have been improved and how we could do things differently.