Excreta Disposal

Oxfam WASH programmes will usually have a sanitation component. This aims to ensure appropriate safe sanitation for affected communities, including facilities for excreta disposal and bathing, to minimise risk of WASH-related disease and environmental pollution, in a way that maintains dignity.


Oxfam guidelines

Oxfam Technical Manual: Guidelines for Excreta Disposal in Emergencies

Oxfam Chlorinated Lime Guidelines

Oxfam Technical Brief 1: Excreta Disposal Physically Vulnerable People in Emergenices

Oxfam Technical Brief 9: Septic Tank Guidelines

Oxfam Technical Brief 10: Plastic sheeting, its use and procurement in humanitarian relief

Oxfam Technical Brief 19: The Use of Poo Bags for Safe Excreta Disposal in Emergency Settings

WEDC book

Excreta Disposal in Emergencies, WEDC, 2007

Emergency Sanitation Project

The Emergency Sanitation Project is a collaboration between IFRC, WASTE and Oxfam GB to solve some of the most difficult challenges with providing sanitation in emergencies.
Visit their website

Other Resources

Child Friendly Hygiene and Sanitation facilities in Schools

Minimum Requirements

General Principles

Pit Latrines Planning and Design Criteria

Toilets in High Water Tables (<1.5m from the surface)

Pit Latrine de-sludging

Hand Washing after defecation

Emergency and Semi-Permanent Toilet Facilities

Design of School Latrines

Latrine Decommissioning