Household Water Treatment

Household water treatment can be useful in situations where a water source is contaminated and centralised / bulk water treatment is not practical. This could be the case when people are displaced in small groups and access is difficult, or where people in a rural area remain in their houses but the regular water supply has been disrupted and there is surface water available.

Various products and methods are available for household water treatment. Any household water treatment programme should include hygiene promotion activities to ensure correct understanding, use and maintenance of the hardware.


The following document explains Oxfam's overall approach to household water filters.

Oxfam's approach to Emergency Household water filters

This technical brief presents the current options for safe storage and point of use water treatment.

Oxfam Technical Brief 4: Household Water Treatment Storage

This short briefing paper is aimed at hygiene promoters and engineers who are working with communities on household water treatment, and gives advice on how to communiate with communities about the use and maintenance of household water treatment solutions.

Oxfam Briefing Paper: Hygiene Promotion for Household Water Treatment and Storage in Emergencies

The Lifesaver Cube is a household water filter developed in collaboration with Oxfam. This report summaries lessons learned from their use in South Sudan.

Lifesaver Cube: Oxfam's Experience in South Sudan

Minimum Requirements