First Phase Emergency Water Supply Strategy

Oxfam emergency water programmes should select the most appropriate approaches to ensure access to and use of safe, sufficient water to affected communities for drinking, cooking and other uses.

Minimum Requirements

The following immediate actions are required:

  • Design emergency water supply responses based on local practices, capacity and preferences.
  • Provide hygiene promotion on the importance of the safe water chain โ€“ including collection, transport, storage, household water treatment, and use.
  • Provide at least 15 litres per person per day (l/p/d) for the affected population, or provide clear justification where this is not possible/appropriate e.g. severe drought in arid lands.
  • Chlorinate all sources of drinking water for camp or displaced populations, even if the turbidity is up to 50 NTU, to ensure a residual of 0.3โ€“0.6mg/l is maintained. If turbidity is over 50 NTU then start treatment (Bulk Water Treatment).
  • Ensure affected communities have clean and sufficient vessels in which to collect water.
  • When there is more than one water source (e.g. tubewell and tankered water), it should be clearly communicated to users which source is supposed to be for which purpose (e.g. tankered water for drinking and cooking and tubewell for other uses).