Emergency water trucking is typically a short-term, life-saving intervention that is used to cover interruptions in water service or access to sufficient quantities of water to meet survival requirements.
The following technical brief presents information on assessing the appropriateness of water trucking interventions, setup of emergency water trucking in drought, and alternatives to water trucking. This guide is meant to be utilized in the initial stages of drought to select, appropriately implement, and responsibly exit from, the most suitable form of emergency water provision.
The following breifing note from UNHCR gives practical advice for water trucking in refugee settings.
- Water tankering is very costly and extremely difficult to monitor effectively, so it should only be a short-term measure until more sustainable water sources are in place.
- A full exit plan should be drawn up before beginning a tankering programme.
- Due to high costs, tankering budget lines should be itemised to calculate the real price rather than just estimating a lumpsum.
- If tankering water, always ensure there are tanks/bladders with tap stands for tankers to discharge the water: users should not collect straight from the back of the tanker.
- Where possible, water should be chlorinated at discharge tanks